Carrion flower or suweg is a group of plants from the genus Amorphophallus which is a member of the family of Araceae (tals-taro). The best known type of carrion flower ( Amorphophallus ) is a giant carcass flower or giant suweg or titan arum which has the Latin name Amorphophallus titanum and Amorphophallus gigas or Sumatra Giant Amorphophallus. Amorphophallus titanum holds the record as a flower with the highest inflorescence structure in the world followed by Amorphophallus gigas in the second order.
Because of our common age, we often regard carcass flowers as a single species even though this giant and highest flower consists of around 170 species throughout the world. The most severe, not a few that equate carcass flowers with Rafflesia flowers . Whereas between Amorphophallus and Rafflesia are two different flowers even though they are both giant in size and give off a foul odor.
Know the Characteristics of Carrion Flower ( Amorphophallus ) . The carcass flower in Latin is called Amorphophallus which comes from the Ancient Greek “Amorphos” which means “defective, without form” and ” phallos” which means “penis”.
Carrion flower ( Amorphophallus ) is a typical lowland plant that grows in tropical and subtropical regions starting from the west African region to the Pacific Islands including Indonesia. Mostly, carrion flowers are endemic species.
The carcass flower is a plant with the largest and highest compound interest in the world including plants from the tribe of taro ( araceae ) with the shape and size of tubers that vary in each species.
Carrion flower ( Amorphophallus ) experiences two phases in its life that take place alternately and continuously, namely the vegetative phase and the generative phase. In the vegetative phase above the tuber of the carcass flower grows a single stem and leaves that resemble papaya leaves. Until then the stems and leaves wilt leaving tubers in the soil.
If conditions permit, the vegetative phase will be followed by the generative phase, namely the emergence of compound flowers that replace the withered stems and leaves. These two phases do occur repeatedly and continuously.
When carcass flowers experience a generative phase (blossoming of flowers), this highest flower produces a pungent odor like the smell of a carcass. This foul odor serves as a lure for flies and beetles where the insects kwiaty zabrze will contribute to the pollination process. If during the blooming period fertilization occurs, red fruit will be formed with seeds in the former part of the flower base. And the carcass flower then re-enters the vegetative phase.
Get to know the types of carcass flowers ( Amorphophallus ). There are around 170 species of carrion flowers throughout the world. Famous species in Indonesia include:
- Amorphophallus titanum (giant carcass flower, Titan arum, giant suweg)
- Amorphophallus gigas (giant Sumatran Amorphophallus)
Amorphophallus decussilvae (Tall carcass flower, West Java carcass flower)
- Amorphophallus beccarii ; Amorphophallus campanulatus (Suweg) ; Amorphophallus oncophyllus (iles-iles, porang, ileus)